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Pioneer of 1845

"The Terrible Trail"



 Joseph Charlton was born August 10, 1824/25 in Cole County, Missouri (DLC #1913). He arrived in Oregon in 1845. He came with his father Silas, brother James and the Robert Miller family on the “Terrible Trail” (see “Terrible Trail, the story of the Meek Cutoff, 1845 by Clark & Tiller). Their sister, Samantha came in 1853 with her husband, Riley Keith and their three children.

1842  On November 30th Joseph married Margaret Catherine Miller, daughter of Robert Emmett Miller and Sarah Ferguson Miller. The marriage of Joseph and Margaret is listed in “Terrible Trail”, Meek Cutoff, 1845 by Clark & Tiller (GFO).

Margaret was born on January 13, 1829 in Harlan County, Kentucky. She passed away on March 16, 1913 in Portland, Oregon (DLC #1913).

1844  Sarah Nancy Charlton was born to Joseph and Margaret on October 2nd while they were in Missouri.  She married Henry Lampson and lived in Yamhill County, Oregon. Information on this family can be found in Yamhill Couny records.

1849  James E. was born to Joseph and Margaret.

1850  Census Washington County, Sauvie Island #166

            Charlton, Joseph    25

            Margaret (Miller)   22

            Sarah N.                    6

            James E.                    1

            Silas (father)             65

1852  Samantha Jane was born to Joseph and Margaret on Sauvie Island. She married a Mr. Sheldon.

1858  William Emmett was born on Sauvie Island during 1858.



1860  Columbia County, Oregon census, Sauvie Island, #688

            Charlton, Joseph    35

            Margaret (Miller)   30

            Sarah N.                    15

            James E.                    10

            Samantha J.             8

            William Emmett     2

            Silas (father)            72

            During 1860 Samantha married Henry Lampson (Yamhill County Oregon Marriage book   A – B, page 63, GFO).

1864 Henry was born to Joseph and Margaret on Sauvie Island.

1866  The Oregonian Index at the Central Library in Portland, Oregon lists the death of Joseph S of Sauvie Island on October 5th.  We think this is probably Silas.

1868  James married Callie Brown  on July 1st at the home of Joseph Charlton. The ceremony was performed by James Beliew, MG. Witnesses were G. W Wilson and John Cline (Multnomah County Marriages, pg 153, GFO)

1870  Multnomah County, Oregon Census, East Portland, #405

            Parents of Callie Brown

            Brown, V.      59       b Vermont

            Anna              45       b NY

            Angeline       23       b Wisconsin

            Malicia          13       b Wisconsin

            Valentine      8         b Oregon




1870 Columbia County, Oregon Census, #516

            Charlton, Joseph    45

            Margaret                  41

            Sarah/Samantha    18

            William Emmett     12

            Henry                        6

            House #517

            Charlton, James      21

            Callie                         20

            Smithy                       16 (Indian)

            Woods, Henry         36

            Jones, Morris          24

            Keith, George          20 (cousin)

            Keith, James            22 (cousin)

            George and James Keith are cousins to James, the sons of his aunt, Samantha Wilmott. Their father died on the journey across and their mother married John Wilmott of Sauvie Island. The boys eventually moved to Vancouver Washington. Additional information can be found in Clark County Washington historical publications.

1872  James Charlton, son of Joseph and Margaret, died in 1872 and Callie was left a widow with a small daughter, Lorena. Callie taught school at St. Mary’s in Portland and studied medicine. She was one of the first female doctors in Portland. She attended Willamette University and then went to Chicago and studied at Rush Medical College (information in Oregon Journal, Lockley interview, April 7, 1933, page 10).


Dr. Callie Charlton is also mentioned in a book called “The Doctor in Oregon.” This book states that after the death of her husband she determined to become a Doctor.  To earn the money needed she taught school. She was the fist teacher in a small log cabin school in the Holladay addition. She practiced medicine (allopathy) for several years and decided she preferred Homeopathy. She then went to Chicago to the Hahnemann Medical College. She was a practicing physician until she retired in 1912


1877  William Emmett married Josephine Oiler on January 21st . Witnesses were John Wesley Collins and C. C, Oiler (Multnomah County, Oregon Marriages, page 421).They moved to Clark County, Washington and are mentioned in the book “Clark County Pioneers” published by the Clark County, Washington Genealogical Society. (GFO).  They were the parents of three children, Joseph, Leila (?) and William Dewey


1894  Joseph passed away on December 31st. He is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery in Ridgefield, Washington.

His will was probated in Multnomah County on January 22, 1895. His heirs at the time of his death were

            Margaret Charlton             wife

            ………….. Charlton               son

            ……………Charlton               son

            Samantha J. Sheldon         dau

            Sarah N. Lampson              dau

            Lorena E. Kelly                    g-dau

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